Current pressures and constraints of the natural resource base
Climate change threatens ecosystems
Strategic steps towards a landscape approach
Land use planning and decision-making processes
Landscape management and implementation
Promoting landscape governance through policy and finance options
Measuring and monitoring landscapes for multiple objectives
FAO Key messages:
- Managing agriculture, forestry and fisheries at a landscape scale is key to achieving sustainable
- Appropriate land-use planning and decision making at the landscape level should be based on a participatory, consensus-based and people-centred approach.
- Production sectors are often managed in isolation from each other, and this can be counterproductive. Coordination at the landscape level facilitates the integrated management of production systems and the natural resources that underpin ecosystem services needed for all sectors. Climate-smart agriculture, which follows a landscape approach, can address the challenges involved in intersectoral natural resources management.
- Measuring and monitoring the multiple benefits of climate-smart landscapes is essential for tracking the impact of intersectoral efforts.
- Scaling up CSA and moving from pilot projects to large-scale programme and policies by applying a landscape approach requires a diverse range of strategies and practices. It is important to create awareness and partnerships between sectors, mainstream CSA into policies and build capacities at all levels. These activities must be supported by an enabling policy and market environment.